An M&E Work plan is integral for any M&E personnel. Not only does the work plan enable one to organize himself or herself well, it also ensures that a timeline of activities is established well before hand. The M&E work plan, if designed in an appropriate way, guides the M&E activities, with objectively targeted timelines. Below is a sample table of an M&E work plan. Continue reading
Baseline surveys are an important part of any M&E process. This discussion, takes a look at the definition of a baseline study, its importance, when to conduct one and alternatives when there is no baseline. It also includes other considerations to make when conducting a baseline study.
What is a baseline study?
A baseline study simply put is a study that is done at the beginning of a project to establish the current status of a population before a project is rolled out. The Food and Agricultural Organization defines a baseline study as: Continue reading
In M&E planning, one of the things that managers have to work out are a set of indicators that will be used to measure outputs against program goals. Understandably, questions often arise regarding what indicators are, their importance and what to consider when choosing them. Here, we will take a look at examples of indicators, their types, their importance and eventually, how to select appropriate indicators.
What is an indicator?
An indicator is a variable that is normally used as a benchmark for measuring program or project outputs. It is “that thing” that shows that an undertaking has had the desired impact. It is on the basis of indicators that evidence can be built on the impact of any undertaking. Most often, indicators are quantitative in nature, however, in some few cases, they are qualitative. Continue reading
There has been debate in various quarters of the Research, Monitoring and Evaluation field over the importance of control groups particularly when planning or conducting evaluation. For many project managers, the process of planning both mid-term and end-term evaluations remains a challenge. The big question for them always is whether to use a control group and subsequently, how to choose a suitable one. Let’s take a look at what a control group is, the need for one, and how to select an appropriate group.
What is a control group and why is it important?
When rolling out an intervention targeted at any particular group, there are set objectives that need to be accomplished. These are usually the expected outcomes of the project. A control group is usually a group that is homogenous to the targeted group, but which does not benefit from the intervention. A control group serves to establish Continue reading
Monitoring and Evaluation Systems require twelve main components in order to function effectively and efficiently to achieve the desired results. These twelve M&E components are discussed in detail below:
1. Organizational Structures with M&E Functions
The adequate implementation of M&E at any level requires that there is a unit whose main purpose is to coordinate all the M&E functions at its level. While some entities prefer to have an internal organ to oversee its M&E functions, others prefer to outsource such services. This component of M&E emphasizes the need for M&E unit within the organization, how elaborate its roles are defined, how adequately its roles are supported by the organizations hierarchy and how other units within the organization are aligned to support the M&E functions within the organization. Continue reading